A Brief Guide to theUnderstanding of IoT Standards

Pondering over the last two decades, a colossal environment of connected devices has been continuously expanding and gaining grounds, namely the Internet of Things (IoT). As a result, the colossal numbers of connected devices all around us are allowed to gather, process and send data to other devices, applications or servers.

Now assuming that your organization is in the initial planning phase of an IoT project, you ought to take a lot of decisions, and maybe you are not well apprised about the start. This webcast will enlighten you about how you can go about this mess of IoT standards, protocols, and radios.

Bringing the IoT Standards into Close by

  • MQTT

What is MQTT? It is defined as a data format that helps communicate to any device where payload can be sent through transport, like Wi-Fi, socket protocol, or a mesh. The MQTT standard defines a fixed way to utilize the characteristics of something. Primarily it circumambulates around reading and writing attributes, which ultimately resolves an IoT problem. The MQTT standard undoubtedly saves you time consumed in development, but on the basis of how implacably you are trying to incorporate it might cost you some more time for development.

  • ZigBee and Z-wave

ZigBee and Z-Wave are the most preferred choice for mesh networking. They solve two major problems-

  • Firstly, it provides feasible specifications to move packets from one place to another on a mesh network
  • Secondly, they suggest you an approach to structure the packets so that they are more capable of reaching higher in the stack. But that being said, it is actually a part that impedes their futures.

But the primary consideration with these two is that they both are routed mesh networks and utilize one node to communicate with another node using the intervening nodes. However, a final wariness is that Z-wave is a single source supplier- the radios being manufactured and sold by Zensys, and therefore, you have to buy it from them.

  • Bluetooth

Is it feasible to match the amount of silicon being shipped on the basis of Bluetooth?Well, it’s not! In 2014 around 10,000 discrete SKUs were brought into light and other than Wi-Fi there is nothing that can complement in terms of adoption. Bluetooth in the first instance was designed for personal area networks with the original standard connecting 7 concurrent devices. And not to mention, we all must be aware of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) that comes with a suppositionally infinite limit. But BLE adapted quickly to optimize around several IoT challenges.

  • Thread

Thread is a budding standard developed using the same silicon that powers the ZigBee radio. The standard allows mesh nodes on the network to make fully qualified internet requests. Google considers it interesting enough to develop their protocol on the standard.

Last year when Thread introduced their product certification, only 30 products were submitted. Another significant point to note about the Thread’s adoption is getting over the mesh-IPv6 problem- there comes a specification in Bluetooth 4.2 that adds IPv6 routing into Bluetooth, and very few people are using it today.

  • AllJoyn

It is one of the most well-known protocols at the network layer called the Qualcomm’s AllJoyn effort. They possess the Allseen Alliance; however their branding is quite dubious. And now you can see it in Windows 10- where there is a layer specifically for AllJoyn protocol and it seems to do in full swings. Also there is confirmation that with AllJoyn protocol you can actually bring devices close by that doesn’t know anything about each other and achieve some sort of durable interoperability.

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